2007/08/17

¿Diría "un reina", "un persona" o "un candidata"?

Cada año, por la época del Reinado Nacional de la Belleza de Cartagena, escuchamos en los noticieros expresiones como: " Las veintiún candidatas llegaron el lunes a Cartagena". Si a una de las personas que utilizan estas expresiones incorrectas, le hacemos la pregunta del título, sin dudar responderían: "-Por supuesto que no. Lo correcto sería una reina, una persona-".

Entonces, tampoco es correcto decir veintiún personas, ni veintiún reinas o veintiún candidatas; sino veintiuna personas, veintiuna reinas, veintiuna candidatas.
La forma masculina de uno se apocopa (pierde la terminación en o) cuando va delante de un sustantivo masculino singular (un hombre), pero no cuando antecede a un sustantivo femenino (una mujer). La forma masculina uno se apocopa también cuando forma parte de adjetivos numerales de una o más palabras que preceden a un sustantivo masculino (veintiún libros), pero no ante sustantivos femeninos (veintiuna palabras). La única excepción es cuando estos adjetivos preceden a un sustantivo femenino que comienza con a o ha tónica (veintiún águilas, veintiún hachas). En estos casos el sustantivo sigue perteneciendo al género femenino (veintiún águilas). Estos sustantivos van precedidos en singular del artículo determinado el (el águila); en plural llevan el artículo femenino plural (las águilas).
De paso, también se cae en error al eliminar la semivocal i: Son incorrectas, por tanto, formas como ventiuno (lo correcto es veintiuno); ventiséis (lo correcto es veintiséis)

11 Comentarios:

Blogger Ramon said...

Si se da la concordancia con el género, ¿no debería pasar lo mismo con el número? Si es correcto "unas candidatas", ¿no debería entonces serlo también "veintiunas candidatas"?

Saludos

12:32 p.m.  
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